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Monthly ArchiveMay 2018

Basics of acoustic guitar

Basics Of Acoustic Guitar

Basics Of Acoustic Guitar

Acoustic Guitar :

It is a guitar that produces sound acoustically by transmitting the vibration of the strings to the air. The sound waves from the strings of an acoustic guitar reverberate through the guitar’s body making sound. This regularly includes the utilisation of a sound board and a sound box to reinforce the vibrations of the strings.

Head of the Acoustic Guitar:

It is the place the “Tuning " of the strings happens. One end of every one of the 6 strings  ( on a 6 string guitar ) is twisted about the machine head which thus is equipped by the tuning keys or tuners. In the event that you fix the string, it will expand the pitch or recurrence of the string (making the note higher ) , and on the off chance that you relax the string with the tuners , it will diminish the pitch or recurrence when the string is strummed ,picked or culled.
At the base of the head ( and apparently the highest point of the neck ) is a piece of plastic or other hard material called the nut. The nut keeps the strings similarly divided at the head / neck end and enables the strings to vibrate uninhibitedly when open or not chorded.

Neck of the Acoustic Guitar :

The Neck Region is the place a ton of the move makes put. For some players, this is the place the fingers of the chording hand press the strings into the worries to abbreviate the “nut" end of the string, along these lines giving the string an alternate pitch. For the privilege gave player, the left hand fingers are utilised for chording and for the left-gave player, the correct hand is the chording hand.
There are two approaches to change the pitch of a string basically: by changing the pressure (fixing or releasing ~ or in further developed examinations, by twisting it) or by changing the length of the string. The reason for the fretboard (and the bars between the worries) is to make an impermanent “endpoint" other than the “nut", in this way changing the length of the string and expanding it’s pitch or recurrence.
Over the neck surface is the genuine fretboard as examined in the past passage. Chording can occur for all intents and purposes anyplace on this fretboard, yet should take after a few specifics to get a genuine melodic harmony. The fretboard stretches out to the body, past the neck and foot sole area of the guitar, finishing at the sound opening.
On the fretboard are a few dabs that are particularly put there as references. Those dabs stamp particular frets for fast reference for the novice or propelled guitar player. They are not as imperative for a fresh out of the box new player, but rather will demonstrate more supportive when one figures out how to play bar harmonies and further developed scales and impromptu creations.

Body of the Acoustic Guitar :

The Body Region is the place a ton of other enchantment happens. The premise of the body of the guitar is to increase the sound of the strings in an acoustic guitar, and in addition give a better than average measure of situation for holding the guitar and the opposite end of the strings. Guitars have a place with a class of instruments called chordophones (in an indistinguishable family from banjos, pianos and dulcimers) and their most all inclusive distinguishing trademark is that they make sound when a string that is tight between two point is caused to vibrate.
The strings are tight finished the seat and are tied down by pins through openings that are housed in the extension. The seat is fundamental to such an extent that without it, the vibration of the strings would not exchange to the body exceptionally well for enhancement. At the point when the strings are strummed on an acoustic guitar, the vibration is centered mostly to the best (surface) of the guitar body, as whatever remains of the body causes enhancement and projection through the sound opening.
The pick watch fills in as security to the complete and the wood best of the body while a player strums over the lifetime of the guitar. The rosette fills in as a type of adornment and quality to the sound opening, as the best is generally produced using 2 reflected, jointed bits of Sitka Spruce or Engelmann Spruce wood on most average acoustic guitars. The ties likewise finish the edges of the guitar, yet fill in as insurance for the corners and are typically produced using a manufactured polymer or mother of pearl (and different valuable materials) in more resplendent guitars. The base of the guitar for the most part has an “end stick" for a guitar lash end, and in acoustic electric guitars, this end stick fills a double need as a stereo yield for intensification.

Parts of Harmonium

Harmonium Parts

Harmonium Parts

1. Bellows: These are the imperative parts that assistance in pumping of air. Both external and are display in a Harmonium and help in pushing air in various ways. The bellows can either be two-fold or multi-overlay.
2. Keys: These are little wooden controls that assistance in creating music. The keys are highly contrasting simply like in some other western instrument with a console.
3. Stoppers : Stoppers help in controlling wind stream.
There are two sorts of stops:
1. Big Knobs
2. Small Knobs
Big Knobs are gadgets that deal with the stream of air through reed chambers. They additionally help in working some unique capacities.
Small Knobs are accommodating in controlling the stream of air over un-keyed reeds. It is by and large trusted that no. of automatons are one more than the no. of fundamental stops.
4. Reeds: These are little metal controls that vibrate when air is constrained into the harmonium and consequently help in creating wanted sound. Pitch of instrument is needy upon the span of reeds. Reeds are available as banks. On the off chance that are x banks, at that point the Harmonium is called as x-reeded instrument.
5. Coupler: It is a discretionary trademark that furnishes with the capacity of twofold key. It basically implies that when one key is squeezed, the comparing key in the following octave is squeezed consequently. It helps in creating a superb sound.
हारमोनियम बेसिक

हारमोनियम बेसिक

इस पोस्ट में हम कुछ बेसिक चीजों पर ध्यान देंगे जिस से हमें भारतीय संगीत को सिखने में मदद मिलेगी हारमोनियम  को 3  सप्तक में बांटा गया है|एक सप्तक में कुल 12  स्वर होते हैं |

जिनमे 7  शुद्ध स्वर व् बाकि 5 विकृत स्वर पाए जाते हैं |

विकृत स्वर में 4  कोमल स्वर व् 1  स्वर तीव्र होता है |

आरोह :-  सा , रे , गा , मा ,पा , धा , नी , सां

अवरोह :- सां , नी, धा, पा , मा, गा , रे , सा

इस प्रकार स्वरों के ऊपर जाने को आरोह व वापिस नीचे आने को भारतीय संगीत में अवरोह बोलते हैं |

एक और प्रश्न कई लोगों के मन में अत है की ऊपर आरोह व अवरोह में स्वर 8  हैं फिर हम इसे 7 क्यों कहते हैंदरअसल जब भी कभी सरगम  या राग का आरोह अवरोह करते हैं तो तार सप्तक के सं को बीच में नही गिनते क्योंकि यह सा पहले ही गिन  लिया गया है मध्य सप्तक में |

पुरषों का स्केल महिला स्केल से अलग होता है व बच्चों को सिखाते वक़्त भी महिला वाला स्केल ही इस्तेमाल करना चाहीये |

3  सप्तकों को हम इन तीन भागों में बांटते हैं :

1. मंद्र सप्तक

2. मध्य सप्तक

3. तार सप्तक

आइये इस सप्तक में पाए जाने स्वरों की निशानी समझ लें जो आसान है व आगे जाकर हमारे काम आएंगी |

1. मंद्र सप्तक के स्वरों के पैरों में बिंदी होती है जैसे

2. मध्य सप्तक के निचे व् ऊपर कोई बिंदी नही होती जैसे की

3. तार सप्तक के स्वरों को लिखते वक़्त इसके ऊपर बिंदी लगाते हैं जैसेसं

ऊपर दिए 7 स्वर शुद्ध स्वर हैं पर जैसे की हम जानते हैं इनमे से 5  ऐसे स्वर हैं जो अचल स्वर हैं व् जिन्हें हम विकृत स्वर कहते हैं ,अचल का मतलब हैं जो शुद्ध भी होते हैं पर बदल  कर कोमल या  तीव्र भी बन जाते हैं |  यह स्वर हैं :- रे ग, ध और नी। कोमल स्वर से आपको ज्ञात हो ही गया होगा कोमल यानि सौफट ,यह अपने असली स्थान से एक स्वर नीचे पाए जाते हैं इन कोमल स्वरों  निचे अंडरलाइन होती है और यही इसकी निशानी होती है जैसे रे ,   , और नी |

जबकि मा तीव्र स्वर अपने स्थान से एक स्वर ऊपर पाया जाता है और इसकी निशानी ये है की इसके ऊपर एक खडी डंडी होती है |

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